The appellation Ribera del Duero was created on July 21st 1982 and it is one of the most prestigious Spanish appellations worldwide. It is located in Castilla y León (Spain), within a stretch of the Duero River basin, at the confluence of the provinces of Soria, Burgos, Segovia and Valladolid.
The appellation Ribera del Duero is in a high area, with an average elevation over 800 meters. Has a continental climate with extreme temperatures in summer and winter, susceptibility to frost and very often suffer long-term drought during the hot summers. The temperature variation between day and night in summer can range from 32 ºC during the day to 6ºC during the night.
Usually, the vines that survive to such extreme conditions produce dark, deeply aromatic and superbly structured wines, with intense concentration, style and longevity.
The most traditional variety in the area of the country is the “tinta del país” or “tinto fino", also called TEMPRANILLO, which occupies 60% of the vineyard. His name is shortening for "early", which refers to the fact that mature several weeks earlier than most of the Spanish grape varieties. This variety offers, in Ribera del Duero, more pigment and better fruit acidity than in other Spanish climates, qualities that make winemaking more elegant, better structured and rich.
Apart from Tempranillo, there are other varieties that are completely adapted to this area and are used to make cupages: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Garnacha Tinta, Albillo.
In Ribera del Duero, you will find rosé or red wines.
Rosé wines are fermented without the skin of the grape and can be enjoyed shortly after the harvest.
Young Reds are wines that have not been kept in wood or wines that have spent less than 12 months in casks. These wines reach the market just a few months after the harvest.
Crianza wines are wines that have spent, at least, 12 months in oak casks. They may not be sold until after the 1st October of the second year following the harvest.
Reserva wines are those wines that have been aged for 36 months between cask and bottle, and from these 36 months, at least, 12 in the oak barrels. They only reach the market after the 1st of December of the third year following the harvest.
Gran reserva wines are wines of an exceptional quality. They have been aged for 60 months, being ageing, at least, 24 months in the oak cask and then 36 months in the bottle. It may not be sold until after the 1st of December of the fifth year following the harvest.